Category Archives: WEF

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HWEA Receives Award from WEF

Hawaii Water Environment Association (HWEA) received the prestigious Public Communication and Outreach Program Award, Member Association category, from the Water Environment Federation (WEF). The award was presented during a ceremony at during the 89th WEFTEC® 2016, the world’s largest annual water quality conference and exhibition on September 24, 2016 in New Orleans, La. The event hosted thousands of global water quality experts and exhibiting companies at New Orleans Morial Convention Center from September 24-28, 2016.

Award Hall 2016

The WEF Public Communication & Outreach Program Award recognizes WEF members for significant accomplishments in promoting awareness and understanding of water environment issues among the general public through the development and implementation of public education programs.

According to the WEF Public Communication & Outreach Program Awards subcommittee, “HWEA has done an impressive job of ramping up its public education programs in the past few years. They are actively promoting and participating in a variety of outreach and educational activities including field trips, school visits, and more. They have made extensive use of social media.”

“In recent years, HWEA has made a strong effort to increase the focus on public outreach and communication by increasing their participation in public expositions and community service events. While they work to stimulate public awareness through the public education committee, they also promote public outreach through 4 additional committees (Communication, Pretreatment, Student Activities & Young Professionals), allowing HWEA to provide a more effective approach to communicating with the public.” (WEF Leaders August Issue).

Public Outreach 2016

The Public Education Committee thanks everyone who has participated and supported these efforts over the years. Water professionals at HWEA hold an important job in the community protecting the environment and public health. As stewards of water resources, we should be proud of our different roles in the industry and seize opportunities to educate others on the value of water. It is our kuleana to help our family, friends and the community understand the collective impact that we all have on public infrastructure. Congratulations to the entire membership, let’s continue to spread the message and improve the program.

HWEA 2016 Award

Email if you would like to join the committee or help at our next event. For more information on WEF Awards, see


2017 WEFTEC Community Service

Volunteers installed two rain gardens at city hall to help treat over 2,000 cubic feet of storm water from the parking lot and address flooding issues. A perforated pipe connects to a FocalPoint high flow biofiltration system. An energy dissipating structure was also created from crab traps filled with rocks to help reduce scouring from the rooftop scupper. This project is located near the Superdome stadium so it will receive attention from many as they pass by for concerts, football games and other events. It was a great opportunity to help the City of New Orleans and network with fellow conference attendees.


Announcement from WEF
by Michael Quamme, EIT

Thank you to everyone who was able to participate in the 9th Annual WEF Community Service Project at City Hall in New Orleans. We would not be able to accomplish such a large task without the hard work and dedication of everyone who participated!

See more photos on Twitter by searching #wefservice and feel free to add any pictures you took throughout the day! We will also be adding professional photos taken in the coming weeks to the WEFCOM SYPC library. If you are not yet registered on WEFCOM, just visit to register. In addition to photos, check out the clip below WEF TV did on the WEF Community Service Project!

The WEF House of Delegates, which includes elected members from all of the member associations, as well as the WEF board of directors were onsite from 11:50 AM to 1:10 PM to take part in the project and network with all the volunteers. In order to accommodate the large influx of people, we split the volunteers into two groups. The first group ate lunch with HOD while the other continued to work while the other group continues working on the project and switched half way through. This was a great opportunity to network with many of the leaders within WEF and within the industry!

What’s the Value of Water?

Value of Water Coalition Unveils New Education Campaign and Toolkit

“What’s the Value of Water?” materials are free for water agencies, community-based organization, and others to use in outreach efforts

Value of Water Service
ALEXANDRIA, Va., August 4, 2015 – The Value of Water Coalition and the Water Environment Federation (WEF) have released and are promoting the use of a new public awareness campaign and toolkit, “What’s the Value of Water?” As one of the original partners, WEF has been collaboratively working with the Value of Water Coalition, WEF members, volunteers, and leaders to help raise awareness about the value and importance of water. The new toolkit is an important part of this effort and is available at no cost to anyone interested in educating the public about the essential need to invest in our water infrastructure and water resources.

“The Value of Water Coalition is proud to create these beautiful and functional educational materials that can help organizations around the country educate and engage people about the true value of water,” said Radhika Fox, Director of the Value of Water Coalition. “It was an amazing process of collaboration among the 30 members of our coalition. We have some of the top leaders in water engaged in our Coalition, and this toolkit brings together decades of expertise in how to effectively communicate the value of water.”

The “What’s the Value of Water?” toolkit provides the following materials:

  • Billboards
  • Outdoor advertisements
  • Print advertisements (horizontal and vertical layouts)
  • Bill Stuffers
  • Conference Banners
  • Water Fact Sheet
  • Message Guide
  • Shareable Social Media Graphics

“Our water resources are being stressed more than ever, but it can be challenging to communicate this in ways that we can all relate to.  Sometimes the most impactful message about water is the simplest one: what would it be like to live a day without it,” said Eileen O’Neill, Executive Director of the Water Environment Federation. “We can all benefit from taking a moment to think about water and the importance of maintaining the systems that support our communities. WEF is proud to be a part of this important effort and we hope that the entire water sector uses these materials to help spread this message from coast to coast.”

All materials are available for download on the Value of Water Coalition Please review usage guidelines before publishing any materials.

About the Value of Water Coalition

The Value of Water Coalition educates and inspires people about how water is essential, invaluable, and needs investment. The Coalition has come together to advance positive solutions to our nation’s pressing water challenges. Members include: Alexandria Renew Enterprises, American Society of Civil Engineers, American Water, American Water Works Association, Association of Metropolitan Water Agencies, Atlanta Department of Watershed Management, Black and Veatch, Brown and Caldwell, Camden County Municipal Utilities Authority, CH2M, DC Water, Dow Chemical Company, Hampton Roads Sanitation District, Hazen and Sawyer, Kansas City Water Services, LA Sanitation, Metropolitan Sewer District of Greater Cincinnati, Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, MWH Global, National Association of Clean Water Agencies, National Association of Water Companies, Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District, Philadelphia Water Department, San Francisco Public Utilities Commission, United Water, U.S. Water Alliance, Veolia, Water Environment Federation, and Xylem.

About WEF

The Water Environment Federation (WEF) is a not-for-profit technical and educational organization of 36,000 individual members and 75 affiliated Member Associations representing water quality professionals around the world. Since 1928, WEF and its members have protected public health and the environment. As a global water sector leader, our mission is to connect water professionals; enrich the expertise of water professionals; increase the awareness of the impact and value of water; and provide a platform for water sector innovation. To learn more, visit

How Alkalinity Affects Nitrification

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Use alkalinity profiling in wastewater operations to control biological activity and optimize process control

By Mary Evans and Gary Sober


The Water Environment Federation’s new Operations Challenge laboratory event will determine alkalinity needs to facilitate nitrification. Operators will evaluate alkalinity and ammonia by analyzing a series of samples similar to those observed in water resource recovery facilities.

This event will give operators an understanding of how alkalinity works in the wastewater treatment process to facilitate nitrification, as well as the analytical expertise to perform the tests onsite. This provides the real-time data needed to perform calculations, since these analyses typically are performed in a laboratory that can present a delay in the data.


What is alkalinity?

The alkalinity of water is a measure of its capacity to neutralize acids. It also refers to the buffering capacity, or the capacity to resist a change in pH. For wastewater operations, alkalinity is measured and reported in terms of equivalent calcium carbonate (CaCO3). Alkalinity is commonly measured to a certain pH. For wastewater, the measurement is total alkalinity, which is measured to a pH of 4.5 SU. Even though pH and alkalinity are related, there are distinct differences between these two parameters and how they can affect your facility operations.


Alkalinity and pH

Alkalinity is often used as an indicator of biological activity. In wastewater operations, there are three forms of oxygen available to bacteria: dissolved oxygen (O2), nitrate ions (NO3), and sulfate ions (SO42-). Aerobic metabolisms use dissolved oxygen to convert food to energy. Certain classes of aerobic bacteria, called nitrifiers, use ammonia (NH3) for food instead of carbon-based organic compounds. This type of aerobic metabolism, which uses dissolved oxygen to convert ammonia to nitrate, is referred to as “nitrification.” Nitrifiers are the dominant bacteria when organic food supplies have been consumed.

Further processes include denitrification, or anoxic metabolism, which occurs when bacteria utilize nitrate as the source of oxygen and the bacteria use nitrate as the oxygen source. In an anoxic environment, the nitrate ion is converted to nitrogen gas while the bacteria converts the food to energy. Finally, anaerobic conditions will occur when dissolved oxygen and nitrate are no longer present and the bacteria will obtain oxygen from sulfate. The sulfate is converted to hydrogen sulfide and other sulfur-related compounds.

Alkalinity is lost in an activated sludge process during nitrification. During nitrification, 7.14 mg of alkalinity as CaCO3 is destroyed for every milligram of ammonium ions oxidized. Lack of carbonate alkalinity will stop nitrification. In addition, nitrification is pH-sensitive and rates of nitrification will decline significantly at pH values below 6.8. Therefore, it is important to maintain an adequate alkalinity in the aeration tank to provide pH stability and also to provide inorganic carbon for nitrifiers. At pH values near 5.8 to 6.0, the rates may be 10% to 20% of the rate at pH 7.0. A pH of 7.0 to 7.2 is normally used to maintain reasonable nitrification rates, and for locations with low-alkalinity waters, alkalinity is added at the water resource recovery facility to maintain acceptable pH values. The amount of alkalinity added depends on the initial alkalinity concentration and amount of NH4-N to be oxidized. After complete nitrification, a residual alkalinity of 70 to 80 mg/L as CaCO3 in the aeration tank is desirable. If this alkalinity is not present, then alkalinity should be added to the aeration tank.


Figure 1. pH versus nitrification rates at 68ºF (maximum nitrification rate occurs at 8.0–8.5 pH)

Source: EPA-625/4-73-004a, Revised Nitrification and Denitrification Facilities Wastewater Treatment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Seminar.

Figure 2. Measurement of nitrification activity at a pH of 7.2 and lower

Source: EPA-625/4-73-004a Revised Nitrification and Denitrification Facilities Wastewater Treatment, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Seminar.



Why is alkalinity or buffering important?

Aerobic wastewater operations are net-acid producing. Processes influencing acid formation include, but are not limited to

  • biological nitrification in aeration tanks, trickling filters and rotating biological contactors;
  • the acid formation stage in anaerobic digestion;
  • biological nitrification in aerobic digesters;
  • gas chlorination for effluent disinfection; and
  • chemical addition of aluminum or iron salts.

In wastewater treatment, it is critical to maintain pH in a range that is favorable for biological activity. These optimum conditions include a near-neutral pH value between 7.0 and 7.4. Effective and efficient operation of a biological process depends on steady-state conditions. The best operations require conditions without sudden changes in any of the operating variables. If kept in a steady state, good flocculating types of microorganisms will be more numerous. Alkalinity is the key to steady-state operations. The more stable the environment for the microorganisms, the more effectively they will be able to work. In other words, a sufficient amount of alkalinity can provide for improved performance and expanded treatment capacity.


How much alkalinity is needed?

To nitrify, alkalinity levels should be at least eight times the concentration of ammonia in wastewater. This value may be higher for untreated wastewater with higher-than-usual influent ammonia concentrations. The theoretical reaction shows that approximately 7.14 mg of alkalinity (as CaCO3) is consumed for every milligram of ammonia oxidized. A rule of thumb is an 8-to-1 ratio of alkalinity to ammonia. Inadequate alkalinity could result in incomplete nitrification and depressed pH values in the facility. Plants with the ability to denitrify can add back valuable alkalinity to the process, and those values should be taken into consideration when doing mass balancing. (For Operations Challenge event, the decision has been made to not incorporate the denitrification step in process profiling.) To determine alkalinity requirements for plant operations, it is critical to know the following parameters:

  • influent ammonia, in mg/L,
  • influent total alkalinity, in mg/L, and
  • effluent total alkalinity, in mg/L.

For every mg/L of converted ammonia, alkalinity decreases by 7.14 mg/L. Therefore, to calculate theoretical ammonia removal, multiply the influent (raw) ammonia by 7.14 to determine the minimum amount of alkalinity needed for ammonia removal through nitrification.


For example:


Influent ammonia = 36 mg/L

36 mg/L ammonia ´ 7.14 mg/L alkalinity to nitrify = 257 mg/L alkalinity requirements

257 mg/L is the minimum amount of alkalinity needed to nitrify 36 mg/L of influent ammonia.


Once you have calculated the minimum amount of alkalinity needed to nitrify ammonia in wastewater, compare this value against your measured available influent alkalinity to determine if enough is present for complete ammonia removal, and how much (if any) additional alkalinity is needed to complete nitrification.


For example:


Influent ammonia alkalinity needs for nitrification = 257 mg/L

Actual measured influent alkalinity = 124 mg/L

257 – 124  = 133 mg/L deficiency


In this example, alkalinity is insufficient to completely nitrify influent ammonia, and supplementation through denitrification or chemical addition is required. Remember that this is a minimum — you still need some for acid buffering in downstream processes, such as disinfection.


Bioavailable alkalinity

Most experts recommend an alkalinity residual (effluent residual) of 75 to 150 mg/L. As previously identified, total alkalinity is measured to a pH endpoint of 4.5. For typical wastewater treatment applications, operational pH never dips that low. When measuring total alkalinity, the endpoint reflects how much alkalinity would be available at a pH of 4.5. At higher pH values of 7.0 to 7.4 SU, where wastewater operations are typically conducted, not all alkalinity measured to a pH of 4.5 is available for use. This is a critical distinction for the bioavailability of alkalinity. Therefore, in addition to the alkalinity required for nitrification, additional alkalinity must be available to maintain the 7.0 to 7.4 pH. Typically, the amount of residual alkalinity required to maintain pH near neutral is between 70 and 80 mg/L as CaCO3.


Proper alkalinity levels for treatment

Alkalinity is a major chemical requirement for nitrification and can be a useful and beneficial tool for use in process control. Several things to keep in mind:

  • Alkalinity provides an optimal environment for microscopic organisms whose primary function is to reduce waste.
  • In activated sludge, the desirable microorganisms are those that have the capability, under the right conditions, to clump and form a gelatinous floc that is heavy enough to settle. The formed floc or sludge can be then be characterized as having a sludge volume index.
  • The optimum pH range is between 7.0 and 7.4. Although growth can occur at pH values of 6 to 9, it does so at much reduced rates (see Figures 1 and 2). It is also quite likely that undesirable forms of organisms will form at these ranges and cause bulking problems. The optimal pH for nitrification is 8.0, with nitrification limited below pH 6.0.
  • Oxygen uptake is optimal at a 7.0 to 7.4 pH. Biochemical oxygen demand removal efficiency also decreases as pH moves outside this optimum range.


Mary Evans is a regional account manager for Premier Magnesia (Flint, Texas). She is a past president of the Water Environment Association of Texas and is the laboratory event coordinator of the WEF Operations Challenge Committee. Gary Sober is the vice president of technology for Byo-Gon Inc. (Chandler, Texas).


Please Note: The information provided in this article is designed to be educational.  It is not intended to provide any type of professional advice including without limitation legal, accounting, or engineering. Your use of the information provided here is voluntary and should be based on your own evaluation and analysis of its accuracy, appropriateness for your use, and any potential risks of using the information.  The Water Environment Federation (WEF), author and the publisher of this article assume no liability of any kind with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness of use for a particular purpose. Any references included are provided for informational purposes only and do not constitute endorsement of any sources.

U.S. EPA Finalizes the Clean Water Rule

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By Claudio Ternieden, Kristina Twigg, and Seth Brown

On May 27, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) finalized the Clean Water Rule (, which EPA and the USACE believe, ensures that waters protected under the Clean Water Act are more precisely defined and predictably determined, making permitting less costly, easier, and faster for businesses and industry,

The rule, published in the Federal Register on June 29, is expected to become effective August 28, depending on the outcome of some lawsuits filed by a number of states seeking to stop the rule from going into effect. The rule is grounded in law and the latest science, according to an EPA fact sheet (, and it received substantial  public input from more than 400 stakeholder meetings and more than 1 million public comments. EPA and USACE also maintain that the rule creates no new permitting requirements for agriculture and maintains all previous exemptions and exclusions, including dredged or fill requirements.

Stormwater controls not affected

In general, the Clean Water Rule clarifies which bodies of water are classified as “waters of the United States,” thereby requiring federal pollution controls. The Rule maintains the current status of municipal separate storm sewer systems (MS4s) and encourages the use of green infrastructure to protect water quality. Specifically, the final rule states:


(2) The following are not “waters of the United States” even where they otherwise meet the terms of paragraphs (1)(iv) through (viii) of this section.


(vi) Stormwater control features constructed to convey, treat, or store stormwater that are created in dry land.


By using the terms “constructed” “in dry land,” the new rule allows EPA to assert jurisdictional authority over the natural lakes, ponds, wetlands, rivers, and streams while not impacting MS4 elements. This section should help to exclude urban stormwater control measures in most cases, as the rule also stresses in the preamble: “This exclusion responds to numerous commenters who raised concerns that the proposed rule would adversely affect municipalities’ ability to operate and maintain their stormwater systems, and also to address confusion about the state of practice regarding jurisdiction of these features at the time the rule was proposed.”

Existing jurisdictional determinations and permits are valid until they expire. By promoting more consistent and effective implementation of Clean Water Act regulatory programs, the rule sets the stage for permit streamlining during implementation.

Some areas may be challenged

However, questions remain about the rule’s definition of tributaries and when that definition applies to ephemeral or intermittent streams — which would make them jurisdictional. According to EPA, 60% of U.S. stream miles flow only seasonally or after rain, and 1 in 3 Americans rely on these sources for drinking water.  According to some environmental attorneys, the tributary definition is the part of the rule most likely to be challenged. Based on the rule, a tributary must possess the physical characteristics of a bed, bank, and an ordinary high water mark as well as evidence of the frequency, duration, and volume of flow characteristic of a tributary. Further, to be considered jurisdictional, tributaries must significantly affect the health of downstream waters. Based on these definitions, tributaries primarily include headwater streams. Erosional features and ditches with intermittent flow specifically are excluded along with ditches draining into wetlands.

The final rule also further defines adjacent open waters and wetlands as jurisdictional if they are within 100 feet of the ordinary high water mark of a jurisdictional water or within the 100-year floodplain and within 1500 feet of the ordinary high water mark of covered waters. Certain isolated waters also could fall under the scope of the Clean Water Act based on both their connectivity and proximity to traditional navigable waters, interstate waters, and territorial seas. A significant nexus determination is based on the isolated water’s effects on the physical, biological, or chemical integrity of jurisdictional waters, such as through an exchange of pollutants, flow, or organisms. Additionally, scientific analyses assessing connectivity will consider how isolated waters affect the nearest jurisdictional water as a group rather than individually.

That analysis will be informed by EPA’s final report published last January, Connectivity of Streams and Wetlands to Downstream Waters: A Review and Synthesis of the Scientific Evidence (, where it summarized current understanding about the connectivity and mechanisms by which streams and wetlands affect the physical, chemical, and biological integrity of downstream waters. The report serves as the technical backbone of the final Clean Water Rule.  Even if an excluded ditch falls within the defined limits of adjacent waters, an exclusion will trump an inclusion, said Ken Kopocis, deputy assistant administrator of EPA’s Office of Water, in a recent webcast about the rule.

Other clarifications

In addition to the issue of defining tributaries, EPA and USACE say the Clean Water Rule:

  • Protects prairie potholes, Carolina and Delmarva bays, pocosins, western vernal pools in California, and Texas coastal prairie wetlands when they affect downstream waters.
  • Focuses on streams, not ditches. The rule limits protection to ditches that are constructed out of streams or function like streams and can carry pollution downstream. Ditches not constructed in streams and that flow only when it rains are not covered.
  • Significantly limits the use of case-specific analysis by creating clarity and certainty on protected waters and limiting the number of similarly situated water features. Previously, almost any water could be put through a lengthy case-specific analysis, even if it would not be subject to the Clean Water Act.
  • Only protects the types of waters that have historically been covered under the Clean Water Act. It does not regulate most ditches and does not regulate groundwater, shallow subsurface flows, or tile drains. It does not make changes to current policies on irrigation, water transfers, or erosion in a field. The Clean Water Rule addresses the pollution and destruction of waterways, not land use or private property rights.

The Water Environment Federation will continue to follow the developments related to this rule and provide analysis and information.

Claudio Ternieden is the director of government affairs and Kristina Twigg is the associate editor of World Water: Stormwater Management at the Water Environment Federation (WEF; Alexandria, Virginia). Seth Brown, P.E., is a WEF senior adviser on stormwater issues and is the principal/founder of Storm and Stream Solutions, LLC (Springfield, Virginia).


“The information provided in this article is designed to be educational.  It is not intended to provide any type of professional advice including without limitation legal, accounting, or engineering. Your use of the information provided here is voluntary and should be based on your own evaluation and analysis of its accuracy, appropriateness for your use, and any potential risks of using the information.  The Water Environment Federation (WEF), author and the publisher of this article assume no liability of any kind with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness of use for a particular purpose. Any references included are provided for informational purposes only and do not constitute endorsement of any sources.”

Help for States Considering Direct Potable Reuse

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Framework provides guidance on program development and costs, federal regulations, and public outreach

By Justin Mattingly


As interest in direct potable reuse (DPR) has grown, so has the need to ensure water quality and safety. State regulators and local government and water utility decision-makers must make water supply decisions, but without specific criteria or guidelines, excessive treatment redundancies may result that impede or slow down projects, causing high costs, project delays, and public distrust.

As a result, a framework is being developed that outlines the most important issues that states will need to address as they develop DPR guidelines. This framework, which will be released in the fall, will focus on two forms of DPR, the first of which is defined as introducing highly treated wastewater effluent — with or without an engineered storage buffer — into the intake water supply upstream of a drinking water treatment facility. Another form introduces highly treated wastewater effluent directly into a drinking water distribution system. The framework is the culmination of a DPR framework project being developed by the WateReuse Research Foundation (Alexandria, Virginia) in coordination with the Water Environment Federation (WEF; Alexandria, Virginia) and the American Water Works Association (Denver).


What the framework will include

DPR projects are not necessarily new; Windhoek, Namibia, has been operating one since 1967 that introduces water directly into the drinking water distribution system. In the United States, permitted operational DPR projects add highly treated wastewater ahead of a water treatment facility. Currently, only Wichita Falls and Big Spring in Texas have operational DPR facilities, but DPR is currently under consideration in California, New Mexico, and several other states.

The framework will summarize Texas’ experience in implementing DPR and California’s creation of regulations for groundwater recharge indirect potable reuse projects. This framework also will cover a broad spectrum of issues in DPR implementation, including

  • a background on DPR as well as the cost of implementing a DPR program compared to other water resource options;
  • public health protection and how DPR may be affected by existing federal statutes such as the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act;
  • source water control programs, wastewater treatment, advanced wastewater treatment, residuals management, and monitoring and control strategies; and
  • system operation to ensure that utilities have sufficient staff training and resources to properly operate these systems, which in many cases are more advanced than traditional wastewater or drinking water treatment facilities.


Managing public perception

Water treatment technology and operations are an ever-evolving process, and technology and regulatory needs for DPR may require future development. In addition, public perception is important in any statewide or local discussion of implementing a DPR program. Community organizations need to be engaged early to ensure that the public understands the DPR concept to dispel fears about using recycled water as a source of drinking water. The framework will include information on public outreach including the key factors that should be included in a communication plan, communication tools, as well as examples of successful DPR outreach programs.

The framework effort is part of a WateReuse Research Foundation Direct Potable Reuse initiative that has already allocated $5.8 million to fund 34 research projects. The National Water Research Institute (Fountain Valley, California) expert panel developing this framework is chaired by George Tchobanoglous of the University of California-Davis along with Joseph Cotruvo of Joseph Cotruvo & Associates, Jim Crook, Ellen McDonald of Alan Plummer Associates, Adam Olivieri of EOA Inc., Andrew Salveson of Carollo Engineers, and R. Shane Trussell of Trussell Technologies Inc.

The framework directly addresses a key theme of found in EPA’s Water Technology Innovation Blueprint. The Blueprint outlines the business case for investment in new tools in the 10 most promising market opportunities in the water quality sector, one of which is “Conserving and Eventually Reusing Water.”  Intended to be released by WEFTEC 2015 (September 26–30, 2015) in Chicago, the framework will be featured at the WEFTEC Innovation Pavilion discussion “Overcoming Barriers to Water Reuse.”

Justin Mattingly

Justin Mattingly is a research manager at the WateReuse Research Foundation. He can be reached at

“The information provided in this article is designed to be educational.  It is not intended to provide any type of professional advice including without limitation legal, accounting, or engineering. Your use of the information provided here is voluntary and should be based on your own evaluation and analysis of its accuracy, appropriateness for your use, and any potential risks of using the information.  The Water Environment Federation (WEF), author and the publisher of this article assume no liability of any kind with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents and specifically disclaim any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness of use for a particular purpose. Any references included are provided for informational purposes only and do not constitute endorsement of any sources.”



WEF Membership Equips Professionals With Tools To Protect Water

Membership in the Water Environment Federation (WEF; Alexandria, Va.) carries many benefits and exclusive perks. Because members help protect and enhance water quality, WEF strives to provide them with access to the knowledge and tools needed for sustainable water resource management, water protection, and water and wastewater treatment.

Benefits include discounts on WEF’s many educational events and various educational products and services, access to technical publications and regulatory updates, unique networking and career-building opportunities, and the ability to join WEF committees and receive WEF awards.

To help members stay updated on advances, trends, and solutions, WEF provides access to such publications as Water Environment & Technology and the WEF Conference Proceedings.

To help facilitate continual learning and help members earn Continuing Education Units (CEUs), Professional Development Hours (PDHs), or contact hours, WEF offers discounts to WEFTECand other conferences, seminars, and workshops. WEF also offers discounts on books and manuals of practice, as well as online courses in the WEF Knowledge Center.

To enhance networking and professional relationships, WEF provides many opportunities to join discussions with other water-sector professionals through such venues as WEFCOM (the WEF member online workspace) and WEF’s LinkedIn page. WEF members also can build leadership skills through participating in WEF committees. Committees develop and discuss ideas and actions in many fields pertaining to water resources, wastewater, and water quality.

To help advance careers, WEF provides members with the opportunity to nominate or to be nominated for awards. A number ofWEF awards, recognizing outstanding contribution to the water environment profession, require nominees to be members. WEF also provides access to the WEF Job Bank.

Because WEF realizes that membership needs vary from one individual or group to the next, it offers a number of different membership categories. Primary membership categories includeProfessional, Professional Wastewater Operator, Young Professional, and Student. WEF’s Utility Partnership Programenables utilities to consolidate all employee members into a single account and choose the appropriate value packages based on employees’ needs. WEF also offers other opportunities for corporate members and international members.

For more information on WEF membership or how to join today, contact Jessica LaFever at or (703) 684-2400 ext. 7052.